Lithuania - Country Profile

Categories: News

Tags: Lithuania

Country Outline

  • GDP: 41,857 mil. euros (Eurostat 2017)
  • GDP per Capita: 14,800 euros (Eurostat 2017)
  • Areas of Marked S&T Specialisations: Health Technologies and Biotechnology, Novel Production

Contact Information

  • Organisation: Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania
  • Name / Position: Ms Kristina Babelytė-Labanauskė / Head, Technology and Innovation Division
  • Phone no.: (+370) 5 2191220

The major share of R&D in Lithuania is funded by the public sector and carried out by public research institutions. Investments in the five integrated science, study and business centres – ‘valleys’ - over 2007-2013 was meant to constitute the most important instrument for concentrating research, study and knowledge-intensive business potential in specific geographical areas with common or interrelated infrastructure, geared towards building a knowledge economy and thus enhancing Lithuania’s economic competitiveness.

Lithuania’s Progress Strategy “Lithuania 2030” approved by the Seimas (Parliament) of Lithuanian in 2012 has set out a vision for the country wherein changes will take place resulting in Smart society, Smart economy, and Smart governance. Lithuania’s Progress Strategy cogently states that success will follow those that will be ready to timely adapt to changes, embrace innovations and boldly take competition challenges.

With the initiative for the EU countries’ design of their research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3) with the aim of implementing economic transformation agendas, in 2012 a process for defining national R&I ‘smart specialisation’ priorities in Lithuania was launched.

1. Policies and Strategies in Science, Technology and Innovation

Lithuania with a population of approximately 3 million is the seventh smallest country in the EU. However Lithuania spends a respectful share of its GDP on the public investments in R&D. One of the main goals of STI policy is to reach the R&D target of 1.9% of GDP by 2020. The Lithuanian Progress Strategy 2030 projects that Lithuania should be 15th in the EU28 according to BERD*/GDP figures by 2020, and 10th – by 2030. Moreover, R&D is done by universities, research institutions and private businesses.


Main Figures about Lithuania

  •    23 universities and 23 colleges
  •    200 000 students for 3 million population
  •    5 Valleys -integrated Science and Business Centres
  •    10,7% scientists involved in business and industry
  •    35 science institution
  •    Over 18 000 researchers working in various fields
  •    5 Integrated science, research and business centres
  •    Globally recognized achievements in physics, laser, biotech, IT

Science, Technology and Innovation fields of 5 valleys

  •    Santara, Sauletekis
  •    Biotechnologies, innovative medicine, biopharmacy, ecosystems, ICT, laser and lightechnologies, nanotechnologies, semiconductors technologies and electronics, civil engineering.
  •    Nemunas, Santaka
  •    Agro biotechnologies, bioenergy and forestry, food technologies, safety and wellness, sustainable chemistry and pharmacy, mechatronics, future energy and ICT.
  •    Maritime Valley

  •    Maritime technologies and maritime environment.

Structure and main actors of the Science, Technology and Innovation system

Since joining the EU, Science, Technology and Innovation policy has rapidly grown in importance. The breakthrough was achieved after the Government reached an agreement to invest a significant amount of funding (10% of the total EU structural assistance for 2007-2013) into research. In 2008, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania adopted a resolution on the establishment of five integrated centres of science, studies and business (“Valleys”). The aim is to concentrate the scientific research, studies and knowledge intensive business potential in specific geographical areas. Valley means concentration (totality of entities) of the capacities in research, studies and knowledge-intensive business generally in one area, with common or interrelated infrastructure, geared towards building knowledge economy and thus enhancing Lithuania’s economic competitiveness.


STI priorities



(sub-fields in which tangible structural changes can be expected)

Energy and sustainable environment

  •    Smart systems for generators, grids and users energy efficiency, diagnosis, monitoring, accounting and management
  •    Energy and fuel production from biomass or waste, storage and disposal of waste
  •    Smart low energy buildings development and maintenance technology – digital construction
  •    Solar energy equipment and their use for power, heat and cool production

Health technologies and biotechnology

  •    Molecular technologies for medicine and biopharmacy
  •    Intelligent applied technologies for personal and public health
  •    Advanced medical engineering for early diagnostics and treatment

Agricultural innovation and food technologies

  •    Safer food / Functional food
  •    Innovative development, improvement and processing of bioresources (biorefinery)

New processes, materials and technologies for industry

  •    Photonic and laser technologies
  •    Functional materials and coatings
  •    Construction and composite materials
  •    Flexible technological systems for product design and manufacturing

Transport, logistics and ICT

  •    Intelligent transport systems and information as well as communication technologies
  •    Models/technologies for management of the international transport corridors and integration of different types of transport
  •    Technologies for developing advanced e-content and information interoperability
  •    Solutions and services for ICT infrastructure and cloud computing

Inclusive and creative society

  •    Modern learning technologies and processes
  •    Technologies and processes for breakthrough innovations

Main policy documents

Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (the Parliament) approved the National Progress  Strategy ‘Lithuania 2030’ in May 2012. The National Progress Strategy ‘Lithuania 2030’ indicates a long-term vision for Lithuania and lists priorities for change in three key areas named Smart Economy, Smart Society and Smart Governance. On the basis of ‘Lithuania 2030’, on 28 November 2012 the Government approved the National Progress Programme for Lithuania for the period 2014-2020 (NPP). This Programme will provide a basis for the European Structural Funds support for the next programming period. The investment priorities concerning research and innovation policy are discussed in the priority fields of ‘Smart Economy’ and ’Smart Society’. It is projected that at least 11.44% of all NPP (national and EU SF) funds will be invested into the development of the networked economy,  oriented towards the creation of higher value added. The policy focus is on innovation networks and research collaboration, joining global networks and entering global value chains as well as fostering innovation in business and demand for innovation. Another 14.23% of funds will be invested in education, culture and basic research (e.g. mobility, research infrastructures, competitive research funding, etc.).

The Lithuanian Innovation Development Programme for 2014-2020 was approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania on the 18th of December 2013. The strategic goal of the Programme is creating effective innovation system to increase competitiveness and innovation performance. The Programme aims to achieve better commercialisation of R&D results.

The National Programme for the Development of Studies, Research and Experimental (social and cultural) Development for 2013–2020 was adopted on 5 December 2012. This Programme is aimed at strengthening the country’s competitiveness and increasing welfare by developing the study, R&D and innovation systems. The strategic objective of the Programme is to encourage the sustainable development of people and society which improves the country’s competitiveness and creates conditions for innovation by developing higher education and implementing studies, R&D development.

2. National Programmes and Initiatives

Researcher teams’ projects

Researcher teams’ projects are intended as a way for a researcher or a group of researchers to obtain funding for their own scientific research in the field the Research Council of Lithuania calls for. The funding is granted for project proposals selected by holding public tender, encompassing areas of humanitarian, societal, physics, biomedical as well as technologies and agriculture sciences. However other types of proposals can be accepted as well under certain circumstances (i.e. aimed at international collaboration or technological development of research teams.

National Research Programmes

The goal of National Research Programmes (NRP) is to initiate scientific research for definite problems concentrating national research potential and fuelling it with appropriate funding. Each Programme is a sum of research, methodologies and measures all tailored to a specific theme providing most optimal conditions for a country to solve strategically important problems. In order to focus on the most competent research approaches and to  promote Lithuanian research competitiveness the funding under these Programmes are given to the winning tenders in a public competition.

3. Joint Activities with Korea


List of Programmes of Activities with RoK in 2018

Programme Title


Mykolas Romeris University


  •     Organisation Type: University
  •    Major Research Area/Product: Law, economics and finance, political sciences and management, social technologies, business and media
  •    Major Activities with Korea: Implementation of joint study bachelor’s degree programme “Informatics and Digital Contents”, development of joint study master’s degree programme “Visual Content and Informatics”, student mobility and staff training programmes, Korean language courses and culture lectures
  •    Contact Information: Rasa Vilnienė / Head of Asian center
    Tel. (+370) 5 2714543 / e-mail: asiancentre@mruni.eu

Kaunas University of Technology


  •    Organisation Type: University / Research
  •    Major Research Area: Physical, technological, social, biomedical sciences and humanities
  •    Major Activities with Korea: Studies, research, professional development, know-how transfer, Smart environments and information technology, Sustainable growth and social-cultural development, Technologies for sustainable development and energy
  •    Contact Information: Director Assoc. Prof. Leonas Balasevičius / Department of Research Affairs
    Tel. (+370) 37 300 702 / e-mail: leonas.balasevicius@ktu.lt

Vilnius Gediminas Technical University

http://www.vgtu.lt/ index.php?lang=2   

  •    Organisation Type: University / Research
  •    Major Areas: architecture, business management, IT, civil engineering, electronics, mechanical engineering and creative industries, IT
  •    Major Activities with Korean HEIs: students mobility for studies and placements, staff mobility
  •    Future Plans: development of student mobility, include Korean partner institutions into Erasmus+ application, development of partnership activities with aforementioned Research institutions
  •    Contact information: Director Aušra Pelėdienė / International Relations Office
    Tel. (+370) 5 274 4958 / e-mail: ausra.pelediene@vgtu.lt

Vilnius University


  •    Organisation Type: University
  •    Major Areas: Law, history, chemistry, mathematics and informatics, economics, political sciences, biochemistry, biotechnology, theoretical physics and astronomy
  •    Major Activities with Korean HEIs: Korean language courses, students mobility, staff mobility, researchers mobility, joint research projects, joint events in the field of research
  •    Contact information: Leva Skinder, Marketing Officer International Programmes and Relations Office Universiteto 3, LT-01513 Vilnius
    Tel. (+370) 5 268 7156 / e-mail: ieva.skinder@cr.vu.lt

National Cancer Institute


  •    Organisation Type: Institute
  •    Major Areas: Scientific research in oncology and related fields
  •    Major Activities with Korean HEIs: Working on cooperation agreement with Yonsei Cancer Center / Yonsei University College of Medicine
  •    Future Plans: To sign cooperation agreement on May 2015
  •    Contact information: Ph. D. Vydmantas Atkočius Deputy Director for Science and Education
    Tel. (+370) 5 219 0960 / e-mail: Vydmantas.Atkocius@nvi.lt

4. Others


Key Research Organisations and Companies

Organisation Name

Detailed information

Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry


  •    Organisation type: Research Centre
  •    Major Research Area/Product: Agriculture and Forestry
  •    Contact Information: Tel: +370 347 37271/37057 / fax: +370 347 37096 /
    e-mail: lammc@lammc.lt, http://www.lammc.lt

Lithuanian Energy Institute


  •    Organisation type: Research Institute
  •    Major Research Area/Product: Hydrogen and fuel cells, enegy, and biofuel
  •    Contact Information: Director Sigitas Rimkevičius, dr
  • Tel: +370-37-401924 / email: sigitas.Rimkevicius@lei.lt

Nature Research Centre


  •    Organisation type: Research Centre
  •    Major Research Area/Product: ecology, botany, mycology, microbiology, virology, zoology, parasitology and geosciences
  •    Contact Information: Scientific secretary Dr. Jurgifa Sorokaite
    Tel: +370 (85) 272 93 25 / email: jurgita.sorokaite@gamtostyrimai.lt

Center for Physical Sciences and Technology


  •    Organisation type: Research Centre
  •    Major Research Area/Product: laser technologies, optoelectronics, nuclear physics, organic chemistry, bio and nanotechnologies, electrochemical material science, functional materials, and electronics
  •    Contact Information: Tel: (+370 5) 264 9211, 266 1640/1643,
  • Fax: (+370 5) 260 2317 / e-mail office@ftmc.lt

Edited and published by the Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Korea: https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/south-korea/50611/node/50611_el